Subdivided into 20 localities, Bogotá has an area of 1,587 square kilometres (613 square miles) and a relatively cool climate that is constant through the year.
The city is home to central offices of the executive branch (Office of the President), the legislative branch (Congress of Colombia) and the judicial branch (Supreme Court of Justice, Constitutional Court, Council of State and the Superior Council of Judicature) of the Colombian government.
Bogotá was founded as the capital of the New Kingdom of Granada on August 6, 1538, by Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada after a harsh expedition into the Andes conquering the Muisca.
The Muisca were the indigenous inhabitants of the region and called the settlement where Bogotá was founded Bacatá.
Bogotá is a territorial entity of the first order, with the same administrative status as the departments of Colombia.
It is the political, economic, administrative, industrial, artistic, cultural, and sports center of the country.
In Muysccubun exist many words for maize, corn and the various types and forms of it.
The product was also the base for chicha; the alcoholic beverage of the people, still sold in central Bogotá today.
The agriculture and salt-based society of the people was rich in goldworking, trade and mummification.
The religion of the Muisca consisted of various gods, mostly related to natural phenomena as the Sun (Sué) and his wife, the Moon; Chía, rain Chibchacum, rainbow Cuchavira and with building and feasting (Nencatacoa) and wisdom (Bochica).
The Muisca cuisine consisted of a stable and varied diet of tubers, potatoes and fruits.
Maize was the main ingredient of the Muisca, cultivated on elevated and irrigated terraces.
Slightly later dated excavations in a rock shelter southwest of the city in Soacha provided ages of ~11,000 BP; Tequendama.