In turn, programming and policies in these (and many other conflict-affected) countries tend to be focused on employment generation due to the assumption that youth become prone to violent behavior as the result of economic exclusion (their inability to achieve a stable source of livelihood).The findings from this study will be useful to help governments (particularly of fragile and conflict-affected states) and donors better understand youth issues, design more effective interventions to address youth violence, and promote longer-term stability.
The study aimed to (i) to assess the ex-ante social impact of the policy to mechanize cotton harvesting on cotton pickers and vulnerable private farmers; and (ii) to identify ways to mitigate the policy’s potential negative impacts on these groups and to make these reforms more acceptable to them.
The assessment is based on the collection and analysis of qualitative data and two background studies.
The Government of Uzbekistan (Go U) has recently adopted a policy to mechanize the cotton harvest as part of its drive to modernize the agricultural sector.
Under Uzbekistan’s state-order system it is compulsory for many farmers to grow cotton. See More The Government of Uzbekistan (Go U) has recently adopted a policy to mechanize the cotton harvest as part of its drive to modernize the agricultural sector.
Addressing youth issues is essential to promoting stability and preventing violence in fragile and conflict-affected states.
However, there is little evidence that youth programming and policies have helped reduce violence in these settings. See More Addressing youth issues is essential to promoting stability and preventing violence in fragile and conflict-affected states.
The study adopts a capability approach6 to understand the distinct aspirations, opportunities, and barriers for rural women in income-generating activities.
It focuses on supply-side challenges faced by women and enablers of women’s work (e.g., low labor demand and lack of formal employment opportunities).
The study is centered on the premise that a gender-inclusive approach should be an integral goal of livelihood support in Uzbekistan.
See Less - Romanova, Ekaterina; Kolybashkina, Nina; Hiller, Bradley Todd; Kochkin, Evgeny. Diagnostic study of barriers for strengthening livelihoods of low-income rural women in Uzbekistan.
The report begins with a review of literature on existing theories of youth exclusion and drivers of youth violence, with a greater focus on history of violence in West Africa.