To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people.
In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country.
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In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia.
The early 19th century Konbaung Dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well.
The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony.
Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation.
officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast.The Bronze Age arrived circa 1500 BC when people in the region were turning copper into bronze, growing rice and domesticating poultry and pigs; they were among the first people in the world to do so.Iron Age Burmese cultures also had influences from outside sources such as India and Thailand, as seen in their funerary practices concerning child burials.This indicates some form of communication between groups in Myanmar and other places, possibly through trade.Around the second century BC the first-known city-states emerged in central Myanmar.In April 2016, soon after taking office, Aung San Suu Kyi clarified that foreigners are free to use either name, "because there is nothing in the constitution of our country that says that you must use any term in particular".