Maces have an ancestry reaching back millennia; they represent some of the earliest weapons made by man. Loos football (kicked forwards in the 'great push’ towards the German trenches in the Battle of Loos) 53.
They were useful in the war because of the need for stealth during raids on enemy lines, and rifles with fixed bayonets could not be wielded effectively in the trenches.
Ferdinand continued to the town hall but, later, the driver took a wrong turn and a member of the Black Hand grasped his opportunity, firing his pistol twice.
The objects pictured here are mute witnesses from the conflict: each has a story of its creation and its subsequent use in the field.
For many items associated with war, that tale is plain to see: machine guns intended to kill, gas masks to protect.
The proliferation of the concept was aided by Lord Derby, who suggested that the “commercial classes” might wish to serve in battalions of “pals”.
For the Liverpool Pals, Lord Derby commissioned silver badges bearing his family “eagle and child” emblem.
Clubs were fashioned from whatever was to hand, usually boasting a long handle with a weighted end and garnished with some form of fearsome-looking metal.
Other versions, using nails instead of cleats, were probably extemporised in the trenches, or even at home, and sent to the front line.
It was the scene of an ill-fated diversionary attack by the British 56th and 46th Divisions on July 1 1916, a mistake that left more than 2,000 men dead – five times the number of casualties suffered by the German defenders. -------------------------- GAS HELMET The first use of chemical weapons on the battlefield changed the face of war.
On April 22 1915, the Germans overwhelmed unprotected French troops on the front line at Ypres with chlorine.
------------------ TRENCH COAT Though the overcoat had 19th-century antecedents, its widespread use dates to the First World War, where it was a practical necessity, protecting men who, more often than not, would be occupying a hole in the ground that was open to the elements.