During his second term, Obama promoted inclusiveness for LGBT Americans, with his administration filing briefs that urged the Supreme Court to strike down same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional (United States v. In foreign policy, Obama ordered military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by ISIL after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U. combat operations in Afghanistan, promoted discussions that led to the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change, initiated sanctions against Russia following the invasion in Ukraine and again after Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, brokered a nuclear deal with Iran, and normalized U. He attended Punahou School— a private college preparatory school— with the aid of a scholarship from fifth grade until his graduation from high school in 1979.
His mother spent most of the next two decades in Indonesia, divorcing Lolo in 1980 and earning a Ph D degree in 1992, before dying in 1995 in Hawaii following unsuccessful treatment for ovarian cancer and uterine cancer.
Obama represented the 13th District for three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, when he ran for the U. In 2008, Obama was nominated for president, a year after his campaign began, and after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton.
He was elected over Republican John Mc Cain, and was inaugurated on January 20, 2009.
Raised largely in Hawaii, Obama also spent one year of his childhood in Washington State and four years in Indonesia.
After graduating from Columbia University in 1983, he worked as a community organizer in Chicago.
In May 2002, Obama commissioned a poll to assess his prospects in a 2004 U. Obama formally announced his candidacy in January 2003.
Decisions by Republican incumbent Peter Fitzgerald and his Democratic predecessor Carol Moseley Braun to not participate in the election resulted in wide-open Democratic and Republican primary contests involving fifteen candidates.So I came to my Christian faith later in life, and it was because the precepts of Jesus Christ spoke to me in terms of the kind of life that I would want to lead – being my brothers' and sisters' keeper, treating others as they would treat me." The Obama family has attended several Protestant churches since moving to Washington, D.C., in 2009, including Shiloh Baptist Church and St.born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from 2009 to 2017. Senate representing Illinois from 2005 to 2008 and in the Illinois State Senate from 1997 to 2004.He is the first African American to have served as president. Obama was born in 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii, two years after the territory was admitted to the Union as the 50th state.Reflecting later on his years in Honolulu, Obama wrote: "The opportunity that Hawaii offered – to experience a variety of cultures in a climate of mutual respect – became an integral part of my world view, and a basis for the values that I hold most dear." After graduating from high school in 1979, Obama moved to Los Angeles to attend Occidental College.